Main health problems - Facts and figures

Main health problems – Facts and figures

It is estimated that in 2016 more than 1.1 million adolescents aged 10-19 died, or more than 3,000 per day, mostly from preventable or treatable causes. In 2016, road traffic injuries were the leading cause of mortality among adolescents. Other major causes of mortality among adolescents are suicide, interpersonal violence, HIV / AIDS and diarrhoeal diseases.

Half of all mental health disorders in adulthood begin to manifest at the age of 14, but most cases are not detected or treated. Every year, 44 births are recorded worldwide for every 1,000 girls aged 15 to 19. Adolescents (ages 10-19) account for approximately one sixth of the world’s population (1.2 billion people).

Most young people are in good health

Most young people are in good health, but premature mortality, morbidity and injuries among adolescents remain considerable. Diseases can affect adolescents ‘ ability to grow and develop fully. Consumption of alcohol or tobacco, lack of physical activity, unprotected sex and / or exposure to violence can endanger not only your current health, but also that of your adulthood and even the health of your future children.

Most young people are in good healthPromoting healthy behaviours during adolescence and taking measures to better protect young people from health risks is essential for the Prevention of health problems in adulthood, as well as for the future health of countries and their ability to develop and prosper.

Main health problems,

Trauma. Involuntary injuries are the leading cause of mortality and disability among adolescents. In 2015, more than 115,000 adolescents died as a result of traffic accidents. Young drivers need advice on road safety, and at the same time laws prohibiting driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs must be strictly enforced. Lower blood alcohol levels should also be set for adolescent drivers and progressive permits should be established for new drivers with zero tolerance for alcohol at the wheel.

Drowning is also a major cause of mortality among adolescents. Thus, an estimated 57,000 adolescents were drowned in 2015, of whom two thirds were boys. Therefore, an essential intervention to prevent these deaths is to teach children and adolescents to swim.

Mental health

Depression is the third leading cause of morbidity and disability among adolescents and suicide is the third leading cause of death among adolescents aged 15-19 years. Violence, poverty, humiliation and a sense of devaluation can increase the risk of mental health problems.

Fostering life skills development in children and adolescents and providing them with psychosocial support in school and other community settings are measures that can help promote their mental health. Support programmes to strengthen ties between adolescents and their families also play an important role. If problems arise, they must be detected and handled by competent and empathetic health workers. Descriptive note: Adolescent mental Health

Other infectious diseases

Interpersonal violence is the third leading cause of mortality among adolescents worldwide, although its prevalence varies widely across regions of the world. Interpersonal violence causes nearly one third of all deaths of adolescent boys in low-and middle-income countries in the WHO Region of the Americas. Globally, almost 1 in 3 adolescents aged 15-19 (84 million) have been victims of emotional, physical and/or sexual violence by their husband or partner.

Fostering caring and caring relationships between parents and children at an early stage of life, fostering life skills development and reducing access to alcohol and firearms can help prevent injuries and deaths as a result of violence. Also, providing young survivors of violence with effective and empathetic care can help them overcome the physical and psychological consequences.

HIV – An estimated 2.1 million adolescents were living with HIV in 2016, the vast majority in the WHO African region. While the total number of HIV-related deaths has decreased from the peak in 2006, estimates indicate that this is not the case for adolescents. This reflects the fact that most adolescents today were born before the widespread prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV through antiretroviral therapy. However, a substantial proportion of HIV-positive adolescents are unaware of their HIV status, and many of those who know them do not receive long-term effective antiretroviral treatment.

One of the specific goals of the health-related SDG (SDG 3) is to end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, neglected tropical diseases, hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases by 2030. Given the high prevalence of HIV in many countries, control efforts will need to focus on adolescents.

Other infectious diseases

Young people need to know how to protect themselves and have the means to do so. Among other things, they must be able to obtain condoms to prevent transmission of the virus, and clean needles and syringes for injecting drug users. There is also a need for greater access to HIV testing and counselling, as well as the subsequent establishment of closer links between people who test positive for HIV and HIV treatment services.

Pregnancy and early delivery

Other infectious diseases. As a result of improvements in child immunization, measles mortality and morbidity among adolescents have fallen significantly, for example, by 90 per cent in the African region between 2000 and 2012.

Diarrhoea and lower respiratory tract infections are among the top 5 causes of death in the 10-19 age group. Along with meningitis, they are the top three causes of adolescent death in Africa and in low-and middle-income countries.

Diarrhoea and lower respiratory tract infections are among the top 5 causes of death in the 10-19 age group. Along with meningitis, they are the top three causes of adolescent death in Africa and in low-and middle-income countries.

Complications related to pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of mortality among girls aged 15-19 worldwide. Approximately 11 per cent of all births worldwide are women aged 15-19, and most of these births occur in low-and middle-income countries.

The United Nations Population Division shows that the global birth rate (2018) for girls of that age stands at 44 births per 1,000 and, depending on the country, ranges from 1 to more than 200 per 1,000. These figures indicate a marked decline since 1990, which is also reflected in the decline in maternal mortality rates among women aged 15 to 19.

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