Intestinal diseases are the most common of all gastrointestinal diseases. The intestines are a very important organ of the human body, and at the same time very delicate. Bowel diseases are accompanied by common symptoms, making it difficult to diagnose individual bowel conditions. From this article you will learn what bowel diseases are and how to recognise them.
Ulcerative colitis is one type of non-specific inflammatory bowel disease. It is characterized by inflammation and ulceration of the rectum and the largest part of the large intestine – the colon. The causes of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are genetic, imunnological, and environmental, and some sources still point to a free-range imbalance.
Bowel disease Intense Intestines Foundation: ulcerative colitis
Ulcerative colitis is manifested by diarrhoea (most commonly chronic, recurrent) and anaemia. Non-specific symptoms include ankylosing spondylitis, peripheral arthritis, erythema nodosum, and anal lesions. Key tests for diagnosis include colonoscopy Intense Intestines Foundation and blood in the faeces. The most common treatment is medication and the removal of a part of the intestine that is occupied by the disease.
Bowel disease: Crohn’s disease
Crohn’s disease is the second type of non-specific enteritis Intense Intestines Foundation. The causes should be seen in disorders of the intestinal microflora and immune system, leaky intestinal mucosa, and genetic substrate. In addition to abdominal pain, the patient loses weight, is weakened and has symptoms of inflammation (fever).
Bowel disease Scholarship: irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
Irritable bowel syndrome (intestinal hypersensitivity) is a disorder of the digestive system and is chronic. The most common cause is mental illness, particularly stress. Symptoms vary. They are easily confused with other diseases. Symptoms include lower abdominal pain, diarrhoea after meals, under stress and in the morning. Bloating, nausea and vomiting IBD and heartburn may also occur. IBS is difficult to diagnose because it does not yield results in laboratory and diagnostic tests. Treatment involves symptom relief, diet and administration of stress-suppressing drugs.
Bowel disease: coeliac disease Intense Intestines Foundation
Coeliac disease is a gluten-dependent celiac disease. The immune system is intolerant to gluten (a protein found in wheat, wheat, barley Scholarship), which triggers an inflammatory response and atrophy of the intestinal tract. This process in turn blocks the absorption of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and mineral salts. Symptoms of gluten intolerance include diarrhoea, abdominal pain, weight loss, aphthias, vomiting, malnutrition and growth disorders in children. Celiac disease may cause erythema and blisters. Treatment involves a diet that eliminates cereals.
Intestinal disease: small intestinal hypertrophy syndrome (SIBO))
SIBO (small intestinal bacterial overgrowth syndrome) is a condition in the small intestine in which the amount of bacteria increases to 10 to 5 per 1 g or 1 ml. This causes a malabsorption of fats and vitamins which results in diarrhoea, gases or flatulence. Weight loss or skin symptoms such as rash and erythema may occur. SIBO is accompanied by other diseases: m.in. IBS, celiac disease, Crohn’s disease.
Intestinal diseases: infectious enteritis
Among infectious enteritis we distinguish infectious inflammation caused by specific microbes, e.g. rotaviruses (rotavirus gastroenteritis Intense Intestines Foundation), Escherichia coli (travellers ‘ diarrhoea), Salmonella typhi (typhoid fever, formerly known as typhus), Shigella (bacterial dysentery) or Staphylococcus aureus Scholarship (Staphylococcus aureus). Infectious enteritis also includes candidiasis, or fungal enteritis. It is caused by overgrowth of Candida albicans yeast (this is most commonly caused by antibiotic therapy). Candidiasis weakens the immune system and increases susceptibility to other conditions, including mental illness – such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
Intestinal diseases: parasitic diseases
The most common are oatmeal, giardiosis, tapeworm and glistening. Giardia, tapeworm, oatmeal and human worms are infected by: food (by unwashed fruits and vegetables, contaminated raw water, infected, raw or undercooked meat), by failure to observe hygiene rules (dirty hands), contact with animals. The main symptoms of parasitic infections include diarrhoea, abdominal pain, bloating, weight loss, loss of appetite, fatigue, weakness, as well as coughing and shortness of breath (glistening).
Bowel disease: diverticulitis
Colorectal diverticulum is a bulge of the outer wall of the intestine, most commonly the colon of the large intestine Intense Intestines Foundation. It is most common in older people over 60. a year old. Diverticulitis causes diarrhoea, abdominal pain, constipation and bloating, as well as inflammation and abscess which often leads to haemorrhage and requires hospital treatment.
Bowel disease Scholarship: polyps of the large intestine
Polyps are a reverse state-the build-up of the intestinal wall to its interior. Polyps can form under inflammation. Symptoms include: rectal bleeding, pressure on the stool and mucous stool.
Bowel disease: colorectal cancer
Colorectal cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed and fatal cancer in Poland. It is associated with the development of polyps, leading unhealthy lifestyles ( obesity, diabetes, alcohol and cigarette abuse, and lack of physical activity).
What does a proctologist do IBD?
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Proctology is a field of Medicine about which patients speak little or no because it concerns the shameful parts of the human body. However, there is no point avoiding this topic, because sooner or later many of us will need the help of a proctologist. What does a doctor of this specialty do? What symptoms suggest we should go to the proctology office?
What does a proctologist do?
A proctologist is a specialist in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the last section of the gastrointestinal tract consisting of:
- large intestine;
- anal canal;
Although these elements are located at the end of the digestive system, they perform many important functions that affect the proper functioning of the whole body. This is where the final phase of absorption of certain vitamins K, H (biotin) IBD and B vitamins, water, electrolytes and mineral salts, as well as alcohol and some drugs (e.g. paracetamol) takes place. Undigested food remains in the final section of the digestive system are gradually thickened and formed with faecal mass, which is expelled from the body during defecation.
These parts of the human body are considered extremely intimate and embarrassing. For this reason, many patients, despite worrying symptoms, avoid seeing a proctologist or opt for it very late when the symptoms are already very distressing.